HYDROPHILIC CERAMIC MEMBRANE SURFACE
The water contact angle is a measuring method which qualifies the hydrophilicity. The more hydrophilic the membrane surface the higher the operating flux performance. In comparison to polymeric membranes, ceramic membranes can achieve up to 15 times higher flux rates.
Contact angle [°]
- Ceramic membranes with very high hydrophilicities – superior for removal of hydrophobic water contents, like oil
- High flux operation of ceramic flat sheet membrane at very low pressure leads to low power consumption