SUPERIOR PFAS REMOVAL SOLUTION – FAR MORE COST EFFECTIVE THAN CURRENT INDUSTRY STANDARDS

SUPERIOR PFAS REMOVAL SOLUTION – FAR MORE COST EFFECTIVE THAN CURRENT INDUSTRY STANDARDS

Carcinogenic PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) contaminate the tap water of over 100 million Americans. Also, Europe, Asia and Australia suffer from these hard-to-remove ‘forever chemicals’. New PFAS hot spots are identified daily, exposing nearby populations to serious health risks. Several hundred billion USD are estimated to remove PFAS from our tap water in the US alone. PFAS costs Europe more than €50 billion a year in health problems. Current water treatment solutions are struggling with high operating costs, large volumes of concentrated PFAS waste, and reliability. 

CERAFILTEC now proved with its Active Cake Layer Filtration (ACLF) process through various tests over the past 9 months the effective and low-cost removal of different PFAS chemicals including long-chain PFOS, PFOA, PFHxA, and HFPO-DA (GenX). There are also promising results for short-chain PFAS chemicals, e.g. PFBA and PFBS, which will be published after the pilot completion at a customer site. 

The ACLF process has been established by CERAFILTEC team members over the last decade for the selective removal of dissolved ions. Large plants with over 400,000 m³/d (~100 MGD) total capacity are operating successfully where the ACLF operation has become the go-to solution due to substantial cost savings. The same process also works for the removal of PFAS molecules as well as Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC), Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC), Trihalomethane (THM), humic acids, pharmaceutical residues, odor, taste, and color. Just the adsorbent changes to Powdered Activated Carbon (PAC).

Activated carbon is already known to be an effective adsorbent for the removal of PFAS chemicals. CERAFILTEC’s ACLF process now optimizes how the adsorbent is utilized: Maximizing specific surface areas and shortening adsorption pathways. This is done through covering the ceramic flat sheet membrane with a very thin and loose coating of PAC. All water must pass through this coating. This process is only possible with ceramic flat sheet membranes. It yields highly effective PFAS removal rates and immense cost savings over Granular Activated Carbon (GAC), Ion Exchange (IX), and Reverse Osmosis (RO) processes.

The highly effective and efficient adsorption capabilities are based on two facts:

  • The smaller the particle size, the larger the specific surface area, the better the adsorption capacity – PAC is about 25 times smaller than GAC particles
  • The closer the particles (adsorbent) are to each other, the thinner the boundary layer between the particles, the shorter the pathways of the contaminants (adsorbates) to the adsorbent – up to 45 faster and most effective adsorption

Both conditions are perfectly combined in CERAFILTEC’s ACLF process for the first time. 

CURRENT INDUSTRY STANDARDS USING ACTIVATED CARBON

CERAFILTEC's ACLF PROCESS

ADSORBED PFAS MOLECULE(S)

GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON (GAC) PARTICLE

REAGGLOMERATED GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON (R-GAC) PARTICLE

POWDERED ACTIVATED CARBON (PAC) FILTER BED

PORE

COMMON CARRIER LAYER

CERAMIC ULTRAFILTRATION LAYER

CURRENT INDUSTRY STANDARDS USING ACTIVATED CARBON

ADSORBED PFAS MOLECULE(S)

GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON (GAC) PARTICLE

PORE

COMMON CARRIER LAYER

ADSORBED PFAS MOLECULE(S)

REAGGLOMERATED GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON (R-GAC) PARTICLE

PORE

COMMON CARRIER LAYER

CERAFILTEC's ACLF PROCESS

ADSORBED PFAS MOLECULE(S)

POWDERED ACTIVATED CARBON (PAC) FILTER BED

PORE

CERAMIC ULTRAFILTRATION LAYER

THE KEY ADVANTAGES OF THE ACLF PROCESS

  • Maximized specific adsorption surface area
  • Highest adsorption capacity
  • Very low consumption of activated carbon – low OPEX
  • Very short empty bed contact time (EBCT)
  • Able to instantly adjust PAC dosing to changing PFAS feed concentrations

The ideal utilization of the activated carbon adsorbent leads to the best total cost of ownership as well as safe and most environmentally-friendly operation.

Granular
Activated Carbon
Ion
Exchange
Reverse
Osmosis
CERAFILTEC
ACLF
CAPEX savingso--+
OPEX savingso--+
Removal of long-chain PFAS++++
Removal of short-chain PFAS-o++
Adaptability to PFAS feed fluctuations--++
PFAS disposal*+--+
Granular Activated CarbonIon ExchangeReverse OsmosisCERAFILTEC ACLF
CAPEX savingso--+
OPEX savingso--+
Removal of long-chain PFAS++++
Removal of short-chain PFAS-o++
Adaptability to PFAS feed fluctuations--++
PFAS disposal*+--+

* Ion Exchange resin must be regenerated with chemicals which produced toxic liquid waste volumes contaminated with PFAS;
  Reverse Osmosis produces about 10-15% reject stream, concentrated with PFAS

* Ion Exchange resin must be regenerated with chemicals
   which produced toxic liquid waste volumes contaminated with
   PFAS;  
Reverse Osmosis produces about 10-15% reject stream,
   concentrated with PFAS

MORE INFORMATION ON PFAS

PFAS ‘forever chemicals” are a serious and proliferating drinking water contamination issue of carcinogenic chemicals. These highly toxic substances have been used in hundreds of industrial processes and consumer products for several decades and recently have been linked to cancer, birth defects, ineffectiveness of vaccines, and immune deficiencies. Further, literature suggests PFAS exposure exacerbating the effects of Covid. Today, PFAS has become omnipresent and is found in tap water of over 100 million Americans and in Europe, Asia, and Australia. The American Water Works Association estimates the capital investment to remove PFAS from US drinking water to reach up to $370 billion and annual operating costs to exceed $12 billion per year. CERAFILTEC is confident that this widespread water contamination and health risks can be solved at much lower required investment and much lower operating costs via CERAFILTEC’s ACLF process. 

OTHER LINKS

Close Menu